Winter Forage, Pacific Seeds

Winter Forage


Pacific Seeds' oats varieties are now available through our associate network.

Associates List available here.





When do you need feed?


Taipan - Early season feed - May, June, Julypasture


To establish feed for the early part of the season, (the optimum soil temperature range for the germination and establishment of oats is between 15°C and 25°C), quick early growth is important. Taipan us now susceptable to several races of leaf rust, but when rust is not present it can provide good early feed.





Drover - winter and spring feed - June, July, August


Drover has been selected for its high level of dry matter production and regrowth ability. Drover is now susceptable to leaf rust but it may be suitable to sow in in areas where leaf rust is not a problem. It has an intermediate growth habit and relatively low growing points which make it suitable for high stocking rates for all classes of livestock.

Drover is suitable for all classes of livestock, hay or silage production.



Rust - Frequently asked questions


Is rust important?

 Rust develops most rapidly in the temperature range between 15-20 Degrees Celsius. Therefore in areas where these temperatures are likely to occur for a significant period of the crop growth, it is preferable to select varieties which have leaf rust resistance. As the temperature drops, rust developement will slow down or cease. There are a number of different races of leaf rust in Australia and varieties may have resistance to some races but be susceptible to one or more other races. Some varieties may have resistance to all known races of leaf rust but when they are released, but over time, become susceptible to new races which develop. The areas where leaf rust is of most concern are generally from Northern New South Wales to Southern Queensland. If a fully leaf rust resistant variety cant be sown, there are ways to minimise the level of rust infection. 


  • Remove all out of season or volunteer oat plants including black oats if present.
  • Delay sowing until at least after mid March as this reduces exposure to leaf rust and still allows the crop to maintain adequate growth before winter
  • Monitor rust occurrence and graze or cut as soon as rust is noticed - new growth will generally be less affected
  • New races of leaf rust can develop which may be able to infect previously resistant varieties. However it may take several or more season for new races of rust to increase to the point where they are causing economic damage to the crops. At times varieties may be found to be susceptible to a leaf rust race in a labratory evalutation, but the variety may be basically free of rust in field situations. Such varieties are classed as having field resistance. 

Oat leaf diseases


crownrust Leaf or Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata)

Orange powdery pustules on the upper leaf surface. Prevalent in wet humid seasons in late autumn and early spring.


Grazing Management 

Graze at first sign of rust to reduce the amount of infected leaves producing new rust spores.


Stem Rust (Puccinia graminis) 

Stem rust is identified by the reddish brown oblong rust pustules which may occur on stems and heads but also on the leaves. Prevalent in warm wet weather mid spring to summer.


Grazing Management 

As for leaf rust graze at first sign of rust. This reduces the spore load to re-infect the crop. Note: No commercially available varieties are resistant to stem rust.


Red Tipping 

This is often confused with rust. It is most often caused by a nutritional deficiency in one or more of the following elements nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium or zinc. If you have seen red tipping in previous crops seek advice on a fertiliser program to suit your particular situation.